How to migrate NSX-V to NSX-T 3.2.0.1 with the Migration Coordinator [Fixed topology] 1

How to migrate NSX-V to NSX-T 3.2.0.1 with the Migration Coordinator [Fixed topology]

Ever needed to migrate NSX-V to NSX-T? During this post, i’m going to break down the steps for migrating a NSX-V Data Center Environment to NSX-T. This migration is based on one of the available fixed topologies in the NSX Migration Co√∂rdinator.

Lab overview

The lab contains of the following:

  • 1 management vCenter (vc01-mgmt.vk.lan) with 3 nested ESXi hosts (vSphere version 7)
  • 1 workload vCenter (vc02-mgmt.vk.lan) with 3 nested ESXI hosts (vSphere version 7)
  • vSAN is the primary storage on both of the vCenters
  • NSX-V manager appliance is deployed in vc01 but registered to vc02 (VMware NSX for vSphere 6.4.13)

Supported Topologies

There are 5 supported topologies available when it comes to a Fixed Topology migration mode..
In my case, the following topology (#1) was configured in the nested NSX-V lab.

Topology 1 Before and After Migration.
Migrate NSX-V to NSX-T
Before and after the migration

See the available supported topologies: link

Preparations

Prepare NSX-T environment

Deploy an NSX-T Manager

We need to deploy a new NSX-T manager and add the vCenter used by NSX-V as a compute manager in NSX-T.
Do not deploy additional appliances to form a cluster, this should be done after a successful migration.


Note: if you are planning to deploy the NSX-T manager on an ESXI host that is part of a NSX-V cluster, use this article to avoid connectivity issues on management VMs after the migration: link

In my lab, I have deployed in the management vCenter a new NSX-T manager as shown below.

Migration Coordinator NSX-T

After the deployment of the NSX-T manager, I need to register the workload vCenter as compute manager.
Make sure that the registration status of workload vCenter is Registered and connection status is UP.

NSX-T migration services

Create an IP pool for Edge tunnel End Points

We need to create an IP pool in the NSX-T manager that we will use for the NSX-T Edge nodes.
Make sure that this IP range that you defined in the IP pool is not in use.

NSX-T IP pools
Edge TEP pool

Deploy NSX Edge nodes as VM

Lets start with deploying a NSX-T Edge node for the North South traffic. This NSX-T Edge node cannot be deployed from the NSX-T Manager, but must be deployed by the OVA file that is made available by VMware.

Make sure to assign the first NIC (Network 0) to the management portgroup and the others on a trunk Portgroup

Enter the following information and click on next/finish:

  • Enter the credentials for the root, admin and CLI users
  • Enter the hostname
  • Enter the management network details
  • Enter the DNS server with the Domain Search list
  • Enter the NTP server
  • Optional: select if you want to enable SSH access
NSX-T Edge OVA
Edge Node NIC configuration

Note: You need to deploy a NSX-T Edge node for every Edge Service gateway. When you have your Edge Service Gateway configured with HA, you will need to deploy 2 NSX-T Edge nodes so that it can be configured in active-passive mode.

Verify NSX-T Edge connectivity

Note: The data plane service does not start by default, because of that we need to login in to the CLI with admin credentials.

Once logged in to the CLI, lets verify the management network connectivity by entering the following command:
Also verify if you can ping the gateway, DNS servers and NTP server.

get interface eth0
Network Connectivity
Checking the network connectivity on an Edge Node

Join NSX Edge Nodes with the Management Plane

Before we can join the Edge Nodes to the Management Plane, we need to retrieve the NSX-T manager API Thumbprint. To do so, we need to login to the NSX-T Manager with SSH and enter the following command:

get certificate api thumbprint
NSX-T manager thumbprint
NSX-T Manager Thumbprint

We can now use both the API Thumbprint to join the NSX-T Edge nodes to the management plane.
Log in to one of the NSX-T Edge node and use the following command:

join management-plane <Manager-IP> thumbprint <Manager-thumbprint> username admin

Once joined, verify the registered managers on the NSX-T Edge Node:

get managers
Get managers
Checking the registered NSX-T Managers

Let’s check the Edge Transport Nodes view in the NSX-T manager. Both Edge nodes are registered and having the configuration status: Pending

Note: Do not configure these Edge Nodes within the NSX-T Manager. The configuration will be done during the migration.

NSX-T Edges pending
Make sure that the configuration status is on Pending

Change the global MTU setting

I have skipped this step because it was not applicable for my lab setup. But basically, when an Edge Services Gateway (ESG) is migrated it will get the default MTU value of 1500. You can change the MTU value for the interfaces after the migration or you can change the global MTU value before the migration.

Use this article on the NSX-T VMware docs website: link.

Prepare NSX-V environment

Make sure to check the following article at VMware to perform all the checks that are required: link

Start Migration

Enable the Migration Coordinator

To enable the migration coordinator in the NSX-T Manager, we need to SSH into the NSX-T manager appliance and execute the following command:

start service migration-coordinator
NSX-T Migration Coordinator service
Enabling the Migration Coordinator service.

Import NSX-V Configuration

If you have like me, a supported Topology, you can click on Get Started and select Fixed Topology to start the NSX migration Wizard.

Migration Coordinator Fixed Topology
Select Fixed Topology.

We now have to connect and authenticate to the NSX-V instance to retrieve all the current state configurations of the NSX-V environment.

NSX-T Migration
Select the correct NSX-V Instance and vCenter.

During this phase the NSX-V configurations will be imported into the NSX-T Migration Coordinator. The most common problem during this phase may be that you do not have the correct number of edge nodes or not using the correct size type of edge nodes. In case of a failure, you can perform a rollback, correct the problem and try again.

You can click on View imported Topology to see the existing NSX-V topology.

Migration Coordinator Import configuration
You can click on View imported Topology to see the existing NSX-V topology.

In the Resolve Configuration phase, you need to check and verify all the issues. These are basically warnings like “NTP server configuration already present on NSXT” and you will get the option to skip this step or migrate the NTP server anyway.

Resolve configuration
Fix all the issues to continue

I have selected Automated at the Choose Maintenance mode option for cluster issue. Automated is the recommended option when your environment is using VDS 7.0 or later.
With the automated migration mode, vCenter will migrate all VMs from the ESXI host that will be migrated to NSX-T (removing NSX-V VIB and installing NSX-T VIB).

Maintenance mode  option
Make sure to select Automated on the Choose Maintenance Mode option for cluster configuration to perform an Automated Maintenance Migration.

Note: in Automated Maintenance mode, Migration Coordinator will not reconfigure VMs that are powered off. After migration, you need to manually configure these VMs before powering them on

The NSX-T migration Coordinator will now configure the NSX-V configurations in NSX-T. There is no downtime during this phase of the migration.
Configuration objects will be created in NSX-T and mapped to the NSX-V configuration objects.

Migrate Configuration

Migrating Edges

We are now ready to perform the Edges migration. During this phase, the NSX-V Edges will be migrated to NSX-T. That means that the current NSX-V Edges will be powered off and the NSX-T Edges will be configured to take over the Edge services. The migration of the Edge nodes will take a few minutes

Note: Traffic will be disrupted during this phase, so schedule the Edge and Hosts migration tasks in one maintenance window.

Migrate Edges
Click on start to initiate the Edges migration.
Migrate Edges

Edge migration completed successfully, click on continue

Migrate ESXI hosts

The last step is to migrate all the ESXI hosts (NSX will be enabled on VDS 7.0 and later) and reconfigure the virtual machines from distributed portgroups to NSX-T logical segments.
This proces is fully automated with DRS and vMotion. because we have selected the Automated Maintenance Migration mode earlier.

Note: Traffic will be disrupted during this phase, so schedule the Edge and Hosts migration tasks in one maintenance window.
This step cannot be rolled back.

Migrate ESXI hosts
Click on start to begin the migration of the ESXI hosts.
Migration Coordinator
All ESXI hosts are successfully migrated to NSX-T

Final Words

We have completed all the steps in the Migration Coordinator to perform a migration from NSX-V to NSX-T (Fixed topology). In a later blog post, I will break down the steps of the user defined topology method where you can define your own NSX-T topology. This will require some manual preparations in the NSX-T environment. If you have any questions related to this topic, please do not hesitate to contact me.

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